How to sow and plant the carnation?

How to sow and plant the carnation?

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The characteristics of the eyelet

  • Type: flower, flowering plant
  • Height: up to 1m
  • Flower color: red, white, pink, yellow, orange, mauve, multicolored or variegated
  • Desired exposure: sunny
  • Type of soil: well drained, normal
  • Sanitizing: no
  • Diseases and pests: whiteflies

Origins and characteristics of the carnation

The real carnation (Dianthus) is a flower that belongs to the genus Dianthus, which belongs to the family of caryophyllaceae. There are hundreds of different varieties, the best known of which are common carnation, the poet's eyelet or even the carnation mignardise. The majority of carnations are native to Europe but some varieties come from Asia and North America.

Growing carnations is easy in a fairly temperate and mild climate. The carnation flowers, whose height is generally between 20 and 80 centimeters depending on the variety, offer a wide range of colors. They can be found in pink, white, mauve or red tones.

Its abundant flowering offers a sweet fragrance. It takes place between April and September, and sometimes even at the end of the year in regions where the climate is very mild.

This flower, not to be confused with marigold, is the symbol of love in the language of flowers. If it is white, the carnation represents faithful passion, if it is red, shared passion. On the other hand, in Italy, it is used to draw up funeral wreaths. White carnation was moreover long associated with death and would bring bad luck.

The carnation is the national flower of Spain, Monaco and Slovenia. It also symbolizes the Balearic Islands and the state of Ohio in the United States. It is often associated with great historical facts: the carnation revolution (in Portugal in 1974) or even the carnation plot (Marie-Antoinette).

Planting carnations

Carnations generally plant in spring or fall in ordinary but well-drained soil. They fear acid soils. Carnations are annual flowers that really appreciate the sun.

They can be integrated into beds or flower beds, or be placed in pots or planters. They can be associated with other flowers such as bellflowers, speedwells or even alysses.

For planting in the open ground, sowing depends on the species.

  • For annual species: sowing must be prepared in February-March, in a box and in a warm shelter whose temperature varies between 15 and 18 ° C. Use a special seedling potting soil. Transplant in a bucket as soon as the plants reveal a few leaves and set up in April or May.
  • For biennial or perennial species: Sow between June and October in a nursery well exposed to the sun. Apply in fall or spring.

For planting in pots, use pots drilled at the bottom so that the soil is properly drained. Fill the pot with a mixture of limestone, potting soil and sand.

Growing carnations

The eyelet is an easy flower to grow. It is necessary to keep the substrate moist until emergence, then to water your plants about once a week. Be sure to allow the soil to dry out between waterings.

Flowering takes place from June and continues until the arrival of the first frosts. It is important to remove the wilted flowers as they appear. Once the flowering period is over, the flowers must be cut down to prepare for the next season.

Diseases and pests of carnations

The eyelet particularly fears attacks by slugs and aphids. Install preventive beer traps to eliminate slugs, and think of ladybugs to control aphid invasions. For the latter, you can also shower your carnation plants.

Uses of Carnation

Besides its guaranteed colorful effect in the garden, carnation can be transformed to be used in perfumery. Its aromatic principle, absolute carnation, spreads very nice top notes of the heart.